Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Concept Analysis in the Literature Essay - 1100 Words

Concept Analysis in the Literature (Essay Sample) Content: TITLE: CONCEPT ANALYSISNAME:DATE:Concept determination and analysis in caring scienceA concept can be defined as a scientific activity with abstractions that are composed of unchanging and the essential elements of an object. It is a mental image of an idea (Patricia et al, 2009). Concept analysis is a method that belongs to the analytic philosophy, as a logical analysis that strives to be an impartial investigation.An ideal concept is, as a result, of research while a practice concept is concepts used to describe the reality. Concepts are contextually bound tools for communication. In nursing, both approaches are needed for a deeper understanding of the patients. Using the Erikssonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s model of concept determination, one can be able to find the appropriate steps on how take care of the patient (Katie, 2010).Concept of comfortThis is a state of ease and peaceful satisfaction with maximum pleasure. From a nursing point of view, comfort can be described as the a bility to provide for the patient enabling the patient has maximum pleasure. Nurses should provide environmental comfort to the patient, relieving them of pain and discomfort. Comfort activities should be correct, supportive and protective of the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s environment. Comfort is divided into classes; the first class, second class and the third class. In the first class, the main issue is for being in a comfortable environment. In the second class the need for the relief is from discomfort while the third class comfort should provide education and inspirationIn nursing, comfort is an essential concept. The application of comfort in nursing is different from that of other fields because nurses work in a therapeutic. Nurses should take note of all the three issues in designing their environment and establishing their nursing objectives. For patients who are very sick, their environmental setting should neither over-stimulate nor burden them. The nurses should provide an environment that is supportive to those patients who are recovering by removing any discomforts. All the three senses of comfort should be part of the working environment for a nurse (Kathanne et al, 1991).The amount of comfort can be measured in the nursing environment, due to the fact that the aspects of the therapeutic context are related to a sense of comfort. By assessing the behavior and condition of the patient, it is possible to measure the level of comfort of a person. The nurse should be able to know if a patient is satisfied and if not by seeking evidence of his/her comfort needs.Concept of caringCaring can be defined as the value and attitude that becomes a will to show compassion or concern for other people. This is a process of relating to someone that involves the development and is made up of two concepts; caring and being in place. The caring theory has been developed over the years within the nursing sector. Caring in nursing is described by a complete view of the world. The nursing care should be provided for both the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s basic needs and for his/her values and treasures.Caring in the nursing world is much different from other fields. The nursesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ intentions should correspond with the caring theory. Caring incorporates interconnectedness, contemplation, insight, intergrading and completeness. Interconnectedness is a concept that represents coyness in approaching the patients, reaching their world and knowing how to be supportive of them. This ensures the patients and the nurse develop a caring relationship (Albertine et al, 2012).Contemplation involves the analysis of a situation attentively with the aim of getting to understand it. This allows a state where the nurse can bond with the patient and have an inner awareness with the patient, considering the patient in caring. Intergrading involves interacting with the patient through using oneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s original creative ability in giving care to the patient. Complete ness involves having an open awareness to the situation. ... Concept Analysis in the Literature Essay - 1100 Words Concept Analysis in the Literature (Essay Sample) Content: TITLE: CONCEPT ANALYSISNAME:DATE:Concept determination and analysis in caring scienceA concept can be defined as a scientific activity with abstractions that are composed of unchanging and the essential elements of an object. It is a mental image of an idea (Patricia et al, 2009). Concept analysis is a method that belongs to the analytic philosophy, as a logical analysis that strives to be an impartial investigation.An ideal concept is, as a result, of research while a practice concept is concepts used to describe the reality. Concepts are contextually bound tools for communication. In nursing, both approaches are needed for a deeper understanding of the patients. Using the Erikssonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s model of concept determination, one can be able to find the appropriate steps on how take care of the patient (Katie, 2010).Concept of comfortThis is a state of ease and peaceful satisfaction with maximum pleasure. From a nursing point of view, comfort can be described as the a bility to provide for the patient enabling the patient has maximum pleasure. Nurses should provide environmental comfort to the patient, relieving them of pain and discomfort. Comfort activities should be correct, supportive and protective of the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s environment. Comfort is divided into classes; the first class, second class and the third class. In the first class, the main issue is for being in a comfortable environment. In the second class the need for the relief is from discomfort while the third class comfort should provide education and inspirationIn nursing, comfort is an essential concept. The application of comfort in nursing is different from that of other fields because nurses work in a therapeutic. Nurses should take note of all the three issues in designing their environment and establishing their nursing objectives. For patients who are very sick, their environmental setting should neither over-stimulate nor burden them. The nurses should provide an environment that is supportive to those patients who are recovering by removing any discomforts. All the three senses of comfort should be part of the working environment for a nurse (Kathanne et al, 1991).The amount of comfort can be measured in the nursing environment, due to the fact that the aspects of the therapeutic context are related to a sense of comfort. By assessing the behavior and condition of the patient, it is possible to measure the level of comfort of a person. The nurse should be able to know if a patient is satisfied and if not by seeking evidence of his/her comfort needs.Concept of caringCaring can be defined as the value and attitude that becomes a will to show compassion or concern for other people. This is a process of relating to someone that involves the development and is made up of two concepts; caring and being in place. The caring theory has been developed over the years within the nursing sector. Caring in nursing is described by a complete view of the world. The nursing care should be provided for both the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s basic needs and for his/her values and treasures.Caring in the nursing world is much different from other fields. The nursesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ intentions should correspond with the caring theory. Caring incorporates interconnectedness, contemplation, insight, intergrading and completeness. Interconnectedness is a concept that represents coyness in approaching the patients, reaching their world and knowing how to be supportive of them. This ensures the patients and the nurse develop a caring relationship (Albertine et al, 2012).Contemplation involves the analysis of a situation attentively with the aim of getting to understand it. This allows a state where the nurse can bond with the patient and have an inner awareness with the patient, considering the patient in caring. Intergrading involves interacting with the patient through using oneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s original creative ability in giving care to the patient. Complete ness involves having an open awareness to the situation. ... Concept Analysis in the Literature Essay - 1100 Words Concept Analysis in the Literature (Essay Sample) Content: TITLE: CONCEPT ANALYSISNAME:DATE:Concept determination and analysis in caring scienceA concept can be defined as a scientific activity with abstractions that are composed of unchanging and the essential elements of an object. It is a mental image of an idea (Patricia et al, 2009). Concept analysis is a method that belongs to the analytic philosophy, as a logical analysis that strives to be an impartial investigation.An ideal concept is, as a result, of research while a practice concept is concepts used to describe the reality. Concepts are contextually bound tools for communication. In nursing, both approaches are needed for a deeper understanding of the patients. Using the Erikssonà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s model of concept determination, one can be able to find the appropriate steps on how take care of the patient (Katie, 2010).Concept of comfortThis is a state of ease and peaceful satisfaction with maximum pleasure. From a nursing point of view, comfort can be described as the a bility to provide for the patient enabling the patient has maximum pleasure. Nurses should provide environmental comfort to the patient, relieving them of pain and discomfort. Comfort activities should be correct, supportive and protective of the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s environment. Comfort is divided into classes; the first class, second class and the third class. In the first class, the main issue is for being in a comfortable environment. In the second class the need for the relief is from discomfort while the third class comfort should provide education and inspirationIn nursing, comfort is an essential concept. The application of comfort in nursing is different from that of other fields because nurses work in a therapeutic. Nurses should take note of all the three issues in designing their environment and establishing their nursing objectives. For patients who are very sick, their environmental setting should neither over-stimulate nor burden them. The nurses should provide an environment that is supportive to those patients who are recovering by removing any discomforts. All the three senses of comfort should be part of the working environment for a nurse (Kathanne et al, 1991).The amount of comfort can be measured in the nursing environment, due to the fact that the aspects of the therapeutic context are related to a sense of comfort. By assessing the behavior and condition of the patient, it is possible to measure the level of comfort of a person. The nurse should be able to know if a patient is satisfied and if not by seeking evidence of his/her comfort needs.Concept of caringCaring can be defined as the value and attitude that becomes a will to show compassion or concern for other people. This is a process of relating to someone that involves the development and is made up of two concepts; caring and being in place. The caring theory has been developed over the years within the nursing sector. Caring in nursing is described by a complete view of the world. The nursing care should be provided for both the patientà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s basic needs and for his/her values and treasures.Caring in the nursing world is much different from other fields. The nursesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬ intentions should correspond with the caring theory. Caring incorporates interconnectedness, contemplation, insight, intergrading and completeness. Interconnectedness is a concept that represents coyness in approaching the patients, reaching their world and knowing how to be supportive of them. This ensures the patients and the nurse develop a caring relationship (Albertine et al, 2012).Contemplation involves the analysis of a situation attentively with the aim of getting to understand it. This allows a state where the nurse can bond with the patient and have an inner awareness with the patient, considering the patient in caring. Intergrading involves interacting with the patient through using oneà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬s original creative ability in giving care to the patient. Complete ness involves having an open awareness to the situation. ...

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Exercise Exercise And Exercise Group - 1481 Words

The low heart rates from the exercise group and the high heart rates from the non-exercise group appeared as a result of both group’s overall fitness level. In order to achieve said results, each individual’s average heart rate was taken by feeling a pulse five times. They were then categorized in the exercise group or non-exercise group depending on whether or not they exercise for twenty minutes three times a week. There were no discrepancies in the data overall, since the results were as expected. Exercise influenced heart rate by lowering it with an inversely proportional relationship. Regular aerobic exercise is the kind of exercise that best influences heart rate and will cause heart rate to drop over time, meaning that your heart†¦show more content†¦The causes, prevention, and treatment of all forms of cardiovascular disease remain active fields of biomedical research, with hundreds of scientific studies being published on a weekly basis to this very da y (Morris 1958). In order for a heart to be functioning properly, several physiological criteria must be met. The blood vessels to the heart need to be functioning normally. The electrical conduction system has to be working in a coordinated fashion for the blood to flow efficiently through the heart chambers. Also, all of the heart valves need to be working optimally so that blood can flow in the proper direction and in adequate amounts. Finally, the arterial and venous systems need to be able to constrict and dilate so that proper blood pressure is maintained and also so all of the cells of the body get an adequate blood flow (Anonymous C 2015). The exercise group for this experiment is the group that’s more likely to have met all these requirements at a more satisfactory level than the non-exercise group, and therefore, are at less risk of cardiovascular diseases. Aerobic exercise breaks up stored fatty acids to provide more fuel to the heart (Levitt 2012). Without exerci se, excess energy obtained from food for example, will be stored as fat which can lead to obesity. Nearly 70% of American adults are either overweight or obese. Being obese increases risk for heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes and more (American Heart Association B 2014).

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Literary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby - 1142 Words

Literary Analysis of The Great Gatsby Literature is medium that allows authors to express personal beliefs and value to others in a variety of ways. Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, regarded as one of the best writers in America, wrote The Great Gatsby to convey his perception of American society in the early 20th century. Fitzgerald uses a specific orientation of storytelling to render his purpose of writing the novel. The Great Gatsby revolves around Jay Gatsby. His mysterious background and behavior attracts others to be involved in his affairs, especially Nick Carraway. Gatsby only has one ambition. The strong desire and hope for him to achieve it changes his outlook on life. Everything begins to unravel when an odd friendship with Nick is formed. Fitzgerald tells the story by using the eyes of Nick and shows its significance by implying that Nick as author of the novel. QUOTE If the narrator is another character, the entirety of the novel changes. Nick narrates his experiences and thoughts according to his observations. However, Nick is not the main focus of the novel. Fitzgerald made Nick is a flexible narrator. His presence as a character is almost a spectator of the events taking place because of his small involvement in the main conflict of the novel. This makes some parts of the novel to be perceived as a third person limited narrator because as the novel progresses more information about each character begins to unravel only with his observations, experiences,Show MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby 1673 Words   |  7 PagesApril 2015 Literary Analysis of The Great Gatsby Dreams are a compelling force in people’s lives. They are what propel them forward each and every day in an effort to reach something better. The American Dream has been sought after by millions all over the world for hundreds of years. This country was founded on the belief that anyone could achieve their dreams. However, in the 1920s these hopes and aspirations began to splinter until they ultimately shattered. In the novel, The Great Gatsby, F. ScottRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby 1490 Words   |  6 PagesJaylinn Cooper Mrs. Fowler English III March 3, 2017 Literary Analysis of The Great Gatsby The 1920s in America, known as the Roaring Twenties, was a time of celebration after a destructive war. It was a period of time in America characterised by prosperity and optimism. There was a general feeling of disruption associated with modernity and a break with traditions.The Roaring Twenties was a time of great economic prosperity and many people became rich and wealthy. Some people inherited oldRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby Essay1898 Words   |  8 PagesSameet K. Mann Ms. Rowe IB English 7 September 2016 Literary Analysis: The American Dream The century old concept of the American Dream is the belief that no matter what race, gender, religion or background a person is from, she/he has the ability to become successful through the means of hard work and determination. Unlike today, Americans during the 1920s lived in the illusion that achieving the American Dream involved immoral actions and only the satisfaction of their greedy pleasures. ThisRead MoreLiterary Analysis : The Great Gatsby1806 Words   |  8 Pages Literary analysis: The Great Gatsby To truly achieve The American Dream is nearly impossible without personal sacrifice, as evidenced by The Great Gatsby by F. Scott. Fitzgerald. As the characters, especially Gatsby himself, eventually learn, there is no way to make the fantasy of a perfect life a reality. There are ways to imitate the results, such hiding one’s true self from others, as Gatsby attempts with Nick, or an all-encompassing devotion to one thing or person, as if that thing or personRead MoreThe Great Gatsby Literary Analysis1049 Words   |  5 PagesLama 1 Verdiana Lama Mr.Joannes ENG 4UN July 18, 2017 Money gets to your head The pressures of social class tend to give us an urgency to act a certain way. In The Great Gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald, He carefully sets up his novel into wonderful agencies but, in the long run, every group has its personal issues to take care of, leaving a powerful reminder of what a precarious region the world truly is. By creating awesome social instructions which include new moneyRead MoreThe Great Gatsby Literary Analysis741 Words   |  3 Pagesâ€Å"The Great Gatsby† by F. Scott Fitzgerald was on the the greatest pieces of American literature ever constructed. F. Scott Fitzgerald is considered one of the five greatest authors in American history. His Book â€Å"The Great Gatsby† was named the third most important book in American literature. An article by John A. Pidgeon it says â€Å"I am absolutely convinced that â€Å"The Great Gatsby† is one of the finest of american literature†(Pidgeon) â€Å"The Great Gatsby† is clearly a highly thought of piece of literatureRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby1787 Words   |  8 PagesThe Great Gatsby, published in 1925, is hailed as masterpiece of American fictions of its time. It is noted for the remarkable way its author captures a cross-section of American society during the 1920s. The author, F. Scott Fitzgerald offers up a commentary on the American society of which he was a part. He successfully encapsulates the mood of a generation during a politically and socially crucial and chaotic period of American history. In fact, The Great Gatsby is a brilliant piece of EnglishRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of The Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald2128 Words   |  9 PagesLiterary Analysis of The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby is an incredible novel written in 1925 by F. Scott Fitzgerald, a prolific American author, and published by Scribner’s. Nevertheless, during its first release, the book sold poorly and received mixed reviews. In fact, Fitzgerald died in 1940 considering himself and his works a failure. However, the onset of the Second World War revived the novel, which later became an essential component of high school curricula and differentRead Moresparknotes vs cliffnotes830 Words   |  4 Pagesunderstanding the literary elements, character developments, and plot development that a author uses to help create the story. Both sites provide similar information, ranging from overall plot summaries and character analysis, but Sparknotes goes more into the literary aspect of the book, while cliffnotes focuses more on the character and his motives. In analyzing Jay Gatsby, Cliffnotes focuses much more on Gatsby himself and his underlying motives to his character, like â€Å"In assessing Gatsby, one must examineRead MoreThe Great Gatsby By F. Scott Fitzgerald921 Words   |  4 Pagesof The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald relays the first encounter with the protagonist of the novel, and is also were his use of literary techniques emotionally involves the reader whilst effectively telling the story so brilliantly. Also his varied use of diverse methods of structure and form, than what has been previously seen in his commentaries, allows the readers to explore the events of the naive narrator, Nick, with other people other than the materialistic and drunk lifestyle that Gatsby and his

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Discussion In Managerial Accounting Classes -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Discussion In Managerial Accounting Classes? Answer: Introduction: In this particular assignment, there are two case study analyses. First part involves case about BLC limited that is a medium sized company based in United Kingdom. Company seeks to employ the technique of capital budgeting for evaluating its project of establishing office. Nest case is about discussion of discount cost and its influence of business. Detailed analysis of both the case study is done by explanations and calculations. Computing the net present value, internal rate of return and payback period: For the calculations of above these metrics, company has made the assumption of cost of capital at the rate of 10%. As per the rule, project generating higher net present value should be accepted compared to project generating lower net present value (Chittenden and Derregia 2015). Project evaluation based on IRR depicts that project generating IRR higher than cost of capital will be accepted and vice versa. Project that has higher payback period should be rejected as against lower payback (Andor et al. 2015). Property 1: Particulars 0 1 2 3 4 5 (000) (000) (000) (000) (000) (000) Cash Inflow/(Outflow) -2500 1000 500 600 1000 900 Cost of Capital 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% Cumulative Cash Flow -2500 -1500 -1000 -400 600 1500 Discounted Cash Flow -2500.00 909.09 413.22 450.79 683.01 558.83 Net Present Value 514.9 Internal Rate of Return 17.67% Payback Period (years) 3.4 Property 2: Particulars 0 1 2 3 4 5 (000) (000) (000) (000) (000) (000) Cash Inflow/(Outflow) -2750 900 700 800 600 700 Cost of Capital 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 10% Cumulative Cash Flow -2750 -1850 -1150 -350 250 950 Discounted Cash Flow -2750.00 818.18 578.51 601.05 409.81 434.64 Net Present Value 92.2 Internal Rate of Return 11.37% Payback Period (years) 3.58 The above table depicts the computation of net present value of property 1 and property 2 that the company is seeking. Net present value of property 1 is recorded at 514.9 while the internal rate of return is computed at 17.67%. When looking at figures of NPV for property 2, the computed figure is 92.2. On other hand, the value of IRR is computed at 11.37%. Comparing the figures for both the properties, it can be seen that NPV for property 1 is higher as against property 2. When looking at the figures of IRR, figures computed for property 2 is more than property 1. Therefore, from the IRR perspective, property 2 should be accepted and property 2 should be rejected. As per NPV, property 1 should be accepted and property 2 should be rejected. Now, looking at the figures for payback period, time taken for recovering the initial amount of property 1 is recorded at 3.4. On other hand, payback period for property 2 is 3.58. Therefore, comparing the figures of payback period for both the properties, property 1 has lower pay back period compared to property 2. From the analysis of all the budgetary techniques, property 1 should be accepted as against property 2. This is so because property 1 has higher NPV and lower payback period compared to property 2. Evaluation of qualitative factors influencing the decisions: One of the important roles that are played in investment decisions is social trends and has considerable impact of decision making of organization. It is of utmost important for BLC to analyze the social trends for marketing profitable investment decisions. Political factor is another qualitative factor that impacts investment decision of firms as role of government and political party determine the success of project to a considerable extent. Culture of company has also considerable impact of investment decisions and for generating better return, company should take into consider this particular factor (Batra and Verma 2014). Organization should select best alternative by conducting proper analysis. However, equal importance should be given to qualitative factors as the best investment decisions come in light of both the factors. Computation of approximate equivalent annual percentage cost: Particulars Details Current Credit Period (in days) 70 Proposed Credit Period (in days) 30 Reduction in Credit Period (in day) 40 Credit Cycle in a Year 9.125 Discount Rate 0.02 Discounted Receipts 0.98 Receipt after Deposit Fund @ 2% 1.020408163 Approximate Equivalent Annual Percentage Cost 19.30% Computation of value of trade receivables: Particulars Existing Scheme Proposed Scheme Total 30 Days 70 Days Total 30 Days 70 Days (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) (m) Revenue 500 150 350 500 400 100 Discount @ 2% -8 -8 Bad Debt -10 -3 -7 -5 -4 -9 Value of Trade Receivables 490 147 343 487 388 91 Evaluation of schemes of cost and benefits: With the implementation of this scheme, it would be possible to collect revenue from customers in time and there will not be any delay. Issue of over drafting will be eliminated, as the receivables will be collected in shorter period. Organization will also have favorable impact on current ratio and will experience improved receivable collected period (Graham and Sathye 2017). Saving bad debts to 5 million compared to 10 million is another advantage received by company with the implementation of this particular scheme. Details of savings of debt due to this policy are depicted in the table below. In the current scenario, amount of bad debt is standing at 5% of total revenue. New policy Existing policy Bad debts in million 5 10 Saved 5 million With the implementation of the new scheme, organization will be able to save 5 million compared to 10 million in the previous scheme. Scheme cost is depicted in terms of interest incurred on overdraft. Organization is required to take overdraft from the banks because of delay in receiving payments from customers. This particular schemes cost is at 20%. Therefore, in order to accept this scheme, it is required by BLC limited to make cost comparison and they are required to pay extra 5%. Moreover, it is also required by organization to compare discount with debt saving to that of cost. It can be seen from the analysis that total amount of discount that is provided to customers is more than the amount in terms of debt savings. After conducting the analysis, it can be inferred that cost of offering customers with discount schemes is more than total amount of benefits received on part of company. Acceptance of scheme should only be done when costs incurred in employing that scheme is lower than total benefits received. It would be suitable for BLC limited to continue with the existing schemes as costs is more than saving generated. Conclusions From the above discussion, it can be inferred that implementation of the schemes of providing customers with 2% discount within 30 days would not be suitable and does not generate positive impact on business. It is so because the cost incurred in employing such schemes is more than total amount of savings generated. Therefore, it would be appropriate for company to continue with existing scheme and not employing new scheme. References Andor, G., Mohanty, S.K. and Toth, T., 2015. Capital budgeting practices: A survey of Central and Eastern European firms.Emerging Markets Review,23, pp.148-172. Batra, R. and Verma, S., 2014. An Empirical Insight into Different Stages of Capital Budgeting.Global Business Review,15(2), pp.339-362. Chittenden, F. and Derregia, M., 2015. Uncertainty, irreversibility and the use of rules of thumbin capital budgeting.The British Accounting Review,47(3), pp.225-236. Gornik-Tomaszewski, S., 2014. Capital Budgeting Simulation Using Excel: Enhancing the Discussion of Risk in Managerial Accounting Classes.Management Accounting Quarterly,15(4). Graham, P.J. and Sathye, M., 2017. Does National Culture Impact Capital Budgeting Systems?.Australasian Accounting Business Finance Journal,11(2). Meyer, K.S. and Kiymaz, H., 2015. Sustainability Considerations in Capital Budgeting Decisions: A Survey of Financial Executives.Accounting and Finance Research,4(2), p.1. Roy, D., Rudra, D. and Prasad, P., 2017. Capital Structure and Capital Budgeting: An Empirical and Analytical Study of the Relationship.Research Bulletin,42(4), pp.50-60. Shimizu, N. and Tamura, A., 2015. The Eff ects of Business Strategy on Economic Evaluation Techniques of Capital Investment.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Torture during the Algerian War and its relevance on the War on Terror

During the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962), the French forces mercilessly tortured their opponents. Although the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) also tortured their enemies, the French military use of torture was more widespread.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Torture during the Algerian War and its relevance on the War on Terror specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Torture is defined as â€Å"any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him, or a third person, punishing him for an act he or a third person has done†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (United Nations, para.3). The French experience during the Algerian war proves that the use of torture, though regrettable, is important to defeat successfully terrorist organizations around the world. Therefore, is the use of torture justifiable in some instances? The milit ary combat of the FLN was being propelled by self-determination and the French state was equally determined to win the war. The French forces did not acknowledge that the colonial conflict was indeed a war, as this would recognize their opponents as a legitimate entity; therefore, it was until August 1999 that they stopped calling it â€Å"fight against terrorism.† That is why although France was bound by the Geneva conventions it had signed in 1951; it consistently used brutal warfare tactics in fighting against the FLN. As shown by the experience of the French military during the Algerian war, torture is a good way of gaining timely and relevant information from terrorists. For example, in an imaginary situation when a terrorist has planted a nuclear bomb in Washington City, the detonation is going to take place in the next forty-five minutes, and cause widespread destruction. However, when the terrorist is captured, although he knows the exact location of the bomb, he is n ot giving any relevant information. What is the best thing to do in such a scenario? Is he left to go scot-free because torturing him will interfere with his â€Å"human rights?† If the individual is not forced to give out the vital information, then thousands of innocent lives are at risk. In such an instance, the choice of the use of torture is allowable in order to acquire certain life-saving information that could not be retrieved easily. Therefore, the use of torture as a tool in the global War on Terror is important in defeating terrorist groups around the world. Concerning this issue, Levin states, â€Å"there are situations in where torture is not only permissible, but morally mandatory† (para.2). Levin illustrates how liberal societies do not allow the use of torture, and how other governments fear the fury of the United Nations if they are suspected of using or even planning to use it; however, he gives a different opinion on this attitude. Levin terms the us e of torture as â€Å"a weapon that is important in winning the War on Terror.† At one point, he addresses the above imaginary situation by saying, â€Å"if you caught the terrorist, could you sleep nights, knowing that millions died because you could not bring yourself to apply the electrodes?† (para.4). Some people argue that the use of torture against terrorists is unconstitutional; however, the thousands of lives lost after a terrorist incident far outweighs issues of constitutionality.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More More so, is the use of torture barbaric? The many innocent lives lost due to negligence is more barbaric (Buchanan, para.2).Therefore, the use of torture is permissible in extreme cases since in some intricate situations, it is a matter of balancing between mass murder and the life of one or a few people. As Levin puts it, â€Å"letting millio ns of innocents die in deference to one who flaunts his guilt is moral cowardice, unwillingness to dirty one’s hands† (para.4). According to this statement, if harsh interrogation tactics can be used as a way of protecting the lives of the innocent, then no one should shy from using them when it is necessary. When a nation fails to use torture, it puts thousands of lives at risk due to terrorist threats. This makes the nation to portray the same cowardice being portrayed by the terrorists. During the Algerian war, the French military did not shy off from torturing the terrorists who were potentially dangerous. If these harsh tactics could be used, then the strategies used by terrorists to wreak havoc could have been discovered by now. Assuming that a victim does not die after he or she has been harshly interrogated, the victim will less likely commit the same crime. Currently, most of the interrogation methods available are laughable and dumb. The French soldiers succes sively used torture to extract vital information from their opponents. These punishments were meant to ensure that the victims either co-operated with them or confessed some of the enemy schemes. In some circumstances, the use of torture, besides being essential, is the only available option. For example, in 1994, an Israeli was held captive by some Palestinian terrorists. After searching for clues, the Israeli police detained the driver of the car, which was used for carrying out the attack. For them to get the information about the whereabouts of the kidnappers, they were compelled to torture the driver to extract some useful information from him. This is just one example of how torture as played a significant role in the war against terrorism. The Algerian war induced the French military to use torture against its opponents. The French troops were in a difficult situation since most of the time it was not easy to differentiate their opponents from civilians at first sight. This s ituation was worsened by the fact that their opponents rarely wore easily identifiable war clothes. More so, the civilians were well informed of enemy movements; thus, most of the time they were under suspicion from the French military.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Torture during the Algerian War and its relevance on the War on Terror specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More During the war, every French soldier was obliged to be alert and give all the relevant information about the enemy by collecting all the vital intelligence information (Branche, 548). Therefore, to achieve this, the soldiers sometimes tortured their opponents. Against this background, torture was permitted as a way of combating the increasing threat of terrorists’ activities. Though the use of harsh tactics is regrettable, it is good way of gathering intelligence information about the movement of terrorists around the world. Another reason why the French used torture during the Algerian war was to provide it with all the necessary resources for the protection of its citizenry. When a country wants to preserve a strong national security, it is obliged to use harsh interrogation methods as the best alternative. In a situation when torture is used, prompted by the urge to save innocent lives, by just getting vital information from one individual, then it should be justifiable. The nation of France had always upheld principles of freedom, from freedom of speech to freedom of religion. Nevertheless, when the safety of its citizens was under threat, it had to sacrifice some of its rights. This was to make the country as safe as possible because insurgents could easily enter the country from Algeria. These rights, which were sacrificed, ensured that its citizens at home and army in the combat zone were safe from acts of terrorism. As much as the use of harsh interrogations can be considered as an inhumane practice, it shoul d be used when the need arises. To fight the growing insurgency in the world, torture is a vital tool that can be used effectively to achieve this. The formal arguments against the use of torture are absolute; they state that it has no exceptions. This widely held statement is not true because it is a misguided opinion that always comes from social commentators. This type of absolutist has created a void between good intentions and good consequences. As mush as the use of torture sounds inhumane, it is necessary to defeat successfully terrorist organizations around the world. In extreme circumstances, as experienced by the French military, radical measures ought to be done to avoid mass murder. If this consists of making a terrorist to feel pain in order to preserve thousands of innocent lives, then it is permissible. However, it is important to note that torture is more beneficial when used as a means of preventing future evils, rather than as a form of punishment. Terrorism will n ot be completely obliterated from the face of the earth if individuals settle down and stop making efforts to win the War on Terror. The use of torture, in extreme cases, is one way of making efforts to win the war.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Branche, Raphaelle. â€Å"Torture of terrorists? Use of torture in a â€Å"war against terrorism†: justifications, methods, and effects: the case of France in Algeria.† International Review of the Red Cross 89.867 (2007): 543-560. Print. Buchanan, Patrick J. â€Å"The case for torture.† Worldnetdaily. 10 March 2010. Web. https://www.wnd.com/2003/03/17663/ Levin, Michael. â€Å"The case for torture.† People.brandeis. N.d. Web. http://people.brandeis.edu/~teuber/torture.html United Nations. â€Å"Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.† UN convention. 10 Dec. 1987. Web. https://www.un.org/ruleoflaw/blog/document/convention-against-torture-and-other-cruel-inhuman-or-degrading-treatment-or-punishment-commentary/ This essay on Torture during the Algerian War and its relevance on the War on Terror was written and submitted by user Rumiko Fujikawa to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Jean Baptiste Moliere essays

Jean Baptiste Moliere essays JEAN-BAPTISTE POQUELIN MOLIÈRE16221673From The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces Vol. 2, 7th edition, ed. Maynard Mack, et. al. (New York: W.W. Norton, 1999) Son of a prosperous Paris merchant, Jean-Baptiste Molire (originally named Poquelin) devoted his entire adult life to the creation of stage illusion, as playwright and as actor. At about the age of twenty-five, he joined a company of traveling players established by the Bjart family; with them he toured the provinces for about twelve years. In 1658 the company was ordered to perform for Louis XIV in Paris; a year later, Molires first great success, The High-Brow Ladies (Les Prcieuses ridicules), was produced. The theatrical company to which he belonged, patronized by the king, became increasingly successful, developing finally (1680) into the Comdie Franà §aise. In 1662, Molire married Armande Bjart. He died a few hours after performing in the lead role of his own play The Imaginary Invalid. Molire wrote both broad far ce and comedies of character, in which he caricatured some form of vice or folly by embodying it in a single figure. His targets included the miser, the aspiring but vulgar middle class, female would-be intellectuals, the hypochondriac, and in Tartuffe, the religious hypocrite. In Tartuffe (1664), as in his other plays, Molire employs classic comic devices of plot and characterhere, a foolish, stubborn father blocking the course of young love; an impudent servant commenting on her superiors actions; a happy ending involving a marriage facilitated by implausible means. He often uses such devices, however, to comment on his own immediate social scene, imagining how universal patterns play themselves out in a specific historical context. Tartuffe had contemporary relevance so transparent that the Catholic Church forced the king to ban it, although Molire managed to have it publishe...

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Understanding Management accounting and Financial Management Dissertation - 1

Understanding Management accounting and Financial Management - Dissertation Example Understanding Management accounting and Financial Management In the modern business environment, budgeting provides a feasibility analysis of the present and future needs of the capital needs and resources. The usefulness of budgeting as a management control tool is very significant. Preparing budgets is the financial basis for modern business environments as it enables organizations to establish milestones, determine the internal and external potential of the business to the managers and the investors respectively. Many companies find it difficult to prepare budgets but its importance cannot be overlooked. Budgeting can provide benchmarks for the organizations and managers as how to conduct and control the operating activities so as to meet the required target provided by the budgets. Later on, the budgets can be compared with the actual results which can provide an analysis where improvements need to be made and which area needs more controlling. Since organizations can prepare many types of budgets such as sales budget, production cost budget, expense budget and so on, cash budget remains the backbone of the other budgets. The process of budgeting can facilitate the integration of goals of employees, teams and organization as a whole. If the budget is thought about as a control system, then in context with the modern business environment, it is necessary that all levels of organization participate in the process of budgeting so that when actual results are acquired, it can be compared against the budgets and measures of improvement can be suggested. (Davidson, 2009). In case of South-guys Partnership Ltd there are many ways in which the cash budget can facilitate management of control. Since the cash budget enables to plan to the usage of cash efficiently, it shows where the company has cash surplus in a given a time period and where it has deficiency thus enabling the management to make arrangements before the deficiency actually occurs or in other case, make plans for investing the surplus cash in other profitable ventures (Shim and Siegel, 2008). This is main advantage of cash budget that South-guys Partnership Ltd can use to create a better and efficient cash flow for their organization. Thus budgeting has the capability to provide forecast for the future needs of cash or funds before the organization can actually face the crisis. It allows for planning and raising of funds at reasonable costs and terms from many different sources (Rickards, 2006). In addition to this, modern business environment requires businesses to maintain liquidity the basis of which is cash requiring companies to maintain a minimum margin of cash according to